WOVEMBER WORDS #15
Carding: the carding engine really consists of two machines – the ‘scribbler’ responsible for the initial disentangling of wool and the ‘carder’ itself responsible, with fine card brushing, for producing the [roving]… …The simplest [scribbler]…has a large central cylinder called a ‘swift’ covered with coarse brushing. a number of smaller rollers also covered in brushing revolve, nearly in contact with the swift. The larger ones are called ‘workers’ revolve fairly slowly and the smaller, faster revolving rollers are known as ‘strippers’ or ‘cleaners’. To card wool, the raw material is spread evenly on the slowly revolving ‘feed table’ at the front of the machine. A pair of revolving ‘feed rollers’ draw the wool into the body of the machine to a large roller known as the ‘licker in’ or ‘breast roller’. After being thoroughly carded by the action of workers and strippers the wool reaches a large, rapidly revolving roller at the back of the machine, known as the ‘fly’ or ‘nancy’. The wool is removed from the swift to be passed on to the slowly revolving ‘doffer’. In turn the wool is stripped off the doffer by a steel comb that moves rapidly up and down to provide a long roll of wool – the ‘roving’ or ‘slubbing’.
– J. Geraint Jenkins – From Fleece to Fabric, The Technological History of the Welsh Woollen Industry, Gomer Press 1981, Llandysul, Dyfed
An illustration from the same book, showing a carder with teasel heads it.
And another illustration from the same book, the captions speak for themselves!